Purpose: To reduce mislabeled/unlabeled core lab and microbiology specimens in the acuity adaptable units at a safety-net hospital by implementing evidence-based nursing interventions.
Intervention: A team including a clinical nurse specialist, MSN student, a staff nurse, and 2 nursing managers collaborated to implement strategies for improvement. Evidence-based interventions included: creating two educational posters with a copyrighted team-designed reminder slogan outlining proper lab draw procedure and a reminder checklist; posting monthly labeling results with a time-line and compelling stories about the dangers of lab draw errors; bathroom signs of “always and never” practices for blood draw procedure; real-time notification by lab personnel of mislabeled/unlabeled specimens; timely follow up/root cause analysis; a co-signing option for specimen validation by another staff before sending to the lab; roving unit-based in-services; journal club reinforcement; and consulting with the lab.
Evaluation: The 2016 average monthly mislabeled/unlabeled laboratory specimens were significantly reduced in the combined acuity adaptable units to 29.5/month (post-intervention) from a 2015 average of 40/month.
Discussion: The multifaceted strategy approach was successful in reducing mislabeled/unlabeled laboratory specimens in the acuity adaptable units. Improving compliance with laboratory specimen collection procedures is a system-level quality improvement initiative appropriate for implementation of evidence-based nursing interventions.
See more of: Oral Paper & Poster: Evidence-Based Practice Sessions