The learning objectives I have stated for this topic are: the learner will identify the need to apply evidence-based research on epinephrine administration training into the care of children with life threatening food allergies, and the learner will compare their current epinephrine administration training process to current evidence-based practice on epinephrine auto injector training during primary care visits. These objectives will be met through the presentation of the research and outcome data for children with life-threatening food allergies. There is over-whelming evidence that incorporating review of epinephrine auto injector training during primary care visits will save lives.
A potential risk for children with food allergies, the most common being peanuts, tree nuts, eggs, milk, shellfish, fish, wheat, and soy, is that accidental ingestion of the allergen will lead to anaphylaxis which could be fatal if not treated properly. Studies have shown that a large percentage of caretakers and/or patients themselves do not know how to properly use their epinephrine device (Bonds, Aswasa, and Ghazi, 2015). This lack of knowledge is of serious concern because the outcome of incorrect administration of epinephrine could result in death.
There is no doubt that the implementation of an epinephrine auto injector training protocol in private practice will enhance the lives of children with life-threatening food allergies at risk for anaphylaxis. The literature review supports the fact that the number of children with life-threatening food allergies in this country is on the rise. Children with life-threatening food allergies are at risk of suffering an anaphylactic reaction which could result in death. Prompt administration of an epinephrine auto injector is the first line treatment of anaphylaxis and a life-saving measure. Studies have shown that a large percentage of patients/families do not correctly know how to administer an epinephrine auto injector correctly. This lack of knowledge could result in an unnecessary death. Frequent review and education on proper administration technique of epinephrine auto injectors by primary care providers is a life-saving action and promotes the well-being of children with life-threatening food allergies.
In conclusion, children with food allergies are at a high risk for developing an anaphylactic reaction. The only treatment for anaphylaxis is administration of an epinephrine auto injector. The administration of epinephrine needs to be done quickly and correctly to save the life of a person suffering from an anaphylactic reaction. It is my goal to promote the need for epinephrine auto injector training into primary care visits for those children who are at risk for anaphylaxis. Reviewing how to use an epinephrine auto injector can potentially save the life of a child. Changing practice protocols, based on evidence-based research, to incorporate the epinephrine auto injector training in private practice enhances the quality of care provided to children with life-threatening food allergies.
See more of: Oral Paper & Poster: Evidence-Based Practice Sessions