Implementation and Evaluation of a Violence Screening Tool in the Psychiatric Emergency Department

Saturday, 28 October 2017

Dave A. Adeleye, BSN
SCHOOL OF NURSING, University of Maryland School of Nursing Baltimore, BALTIMORE, MD, USA

Workplace violence (WPV) is a serious occupational hazard across multiple occupations across the United States. Although all nurses working across the continuum of care are targets of violence, those working in the emergency departments (ED) are at a higher risk. Contributory factors to violence in the ED include the increasing psychiatric population, the rise in polysubstance use, problem of violence in the community and patients using the ED for their primary care. Evidence have shown that appropriate identification of behavioral cues for violence with timely intervention has the potential to reduce the prevalence of violence in the ED. Regretabbly, there are no standardized violence screening tools specific to the ED. Therefore, the purpose of this scholarly project is to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of a violence screening tool as a predictor of potential violence in the ED. The Interpersonal Relations Theory (IPT) will be guide the implementation of this DNP quality improvement project. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2015), the primary way to stop violence in any form is to prevent it before it begins. Also, studies have shown that the establishment of a therapeutic relationship at the early stage of the staff-patient encounter has the potential to reduce violence. The methodology will include nurses using the Broset Violence Checklist (BVC) to assess patient at risk for violence in a large urban teaching hospital in Baltimore City, Maryland during a 15 weeks’ period. Data will be collected using pre and post intervention staff assessment survey incorporated into Survey Monkey application. Descriptive statistics and pair t test will be used to analyze the result of the pre and post staff education staff assessment. Nurses will be assess in five critical areas of violence experienced by nurses such as name calling, been pushed, kicked, yelled at and threatened with physical harm .The anticipated primary outcome is a decrease in the incidence of violence towards emergency department nurses while the secondary outcome is an improvement in the perception of safety among the ED staff.