The purpose of this study was to analysis-aggregated data from a larger study to compare specific risk factors in osteopenia.
Methodology: A descriptive study from aggregated data was obtained for a secondary analysis of 79 records of Densitometry with a Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry done in a Hispanic female sample from the west of Puerto Rico. Records obtained for this secondary analysis did not have patient identifiers or private health information that could be matched to a person.
Results: A total of 77 reports of women were included who underwent densitometry between 2013-2015. The mean age of women was 57 years and BMI of 27. The mean bone mineral density T-score was -1.72 SD at head of femur. A total of 19 women reported history of fracture. Of those women who reported history of fracture, mean age was 57.8 years with a BMI of 29. The mean bone mineral density T-Score of this group was -1.67 SD.
Conclusions: There was no significant difference between those women who had history of fracture, bone mineral density and BMI. Mean age was equal in both groups, both exhibited osteopenia with a minimal difference of only -.05 SD. Further research is necessary to analyze why the group with history of fracture presented a higher BMI. It is recommended that a higher sample of women is needed to compare these two groups. Inferential statistical analysis would be of benefit.
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