Educating Health Care Professionals On Identifying and Responding to Victims of Intimate Partner Violence

Sunday, November 1, 2009

Sarah E. Plunkett, MSN, BSN, RNC-NIC, CNS, CNE
Division of Nursing, Tulsa Community College, Tulsa, OK

Learning Objective 1: identify the barriers and benefits of personal experience and previous education related to the success of training on intimate partner violence.

Learning Objective 2: identify the effectiveness of training among maternal child community home visit nurses to improve identification and response to victims of intimate partner violence.

Injury and violence prevention has been targeted as one of the top ten indicators of Healthy People 2010.  Intimate partner violence has significant health consequences for women of childbearing age. Research has shown that pregnancy represents the most critical time for triggering an initial episode and/ or exacerbating the severity and frequency of existing intimate partner violence.  Healthcare providers  have the potential for many points of contact with pregnant women during prenatal care.  A training program on identifying and responding to victims of IPV will be offered to nurses in a community health home visitation program.  Thirty-five  subjects are expected to participate in the training and all will be given the opportunity to complete each of the evaluation measures (PREMIS, Training Program Evaluation, and BARRIERS/BENEFITS Questionnaire).  Descriptive statistics, multiple regression, MANOVA, and correlation statistics will be presented.  The proposed feasibility study seeks to answer the overarching research question, “Will healthcare providers’ participation in IPV training result in sustainable change in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors (KABB) related to screening/assessment of IPV among women of childbearing age?  The proposed study will have two specific hypotheses:  (1) There will be an overall increase in health care providers’ self-efficacy related to identifying and responding to victims of IPV following participation in a standard national training program on identifying an responding to victims of IPV.  (2) changes in health care providers’ knowledge, attitude, beliefs and behaviors related to screening, assessing and intervening among victims of IPV will be predictable based on previous personal experience (ie. self, friend, relative, client) and previous education/training related to responding to victims of IPV.