Effects of Music Therapy on Improving Biological Indicators of Preoperative Patients: Take URS as an Example

Monday, 7 July 2008
Chiu-Hsiang Lee, MSN, RN , Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
Sheuan Lee, RN, PhD , College of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
Wen-Jiuan Yen, PhD, RN , Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: realize the effect of music intervention on decreasing patients' anxiety

Learning Objective 2: realize the advanced nursing function

The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of music therapy on improving biological indicators of preoperative patients. A quasi experimental research design was conducted. 102 subjects who received the ureteroscopy (URS) were recruited since March 15 to July 30 in 2006 at a Medical Center located in Taichung City. Subjects were voluntarily recruited to the experimental or the control group. The numbers of the two groups are 60 and 42 patients respectively. The baseline vital signs were obtained in waiting area before the study. Subjects in experimental group listened to the optional music by the earphones in the waiting room. Subjects in the control group only received the preoperative care routine procedures. The vital signs were checked at 10mins, 20mins and 30mins later respectively in the two groups. The data were compiled by SPSS Base 12.0 to calculate the average value, paired T-test. Mean age was 44.86. Thirty minutes later, the two groups showed significant differences of the systolic pressure, diastolic pressure and respiratory rate. Vital signs of before and after 10mins, 20mins and 30mins were compared to examine the effects of music therapy. The results indicated that music therapy is effect on biological indicators in the different time. The results expected to extend to all preoperative patients in the future.