Learning Objective 1: examine the effectiveness of a weekly telephone intervention to increase walking in a group of women diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
Learning Objective 2: discuss the positive aspects in health promotion to decrease health disparities in women diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
Purpose: To test the effectiveness of telephone counseling designed to increase walking in women with Type 2 diabetes. The intervention was guided by the Health Promotion Model and the Transtheoretical Model of Change.
Method: A quasi-experimental design was used in a sample (N=50) of women with Type 2 diabetes. Weekly telephone counseling and mailings designed to increase walking was provided to the intervention group.
Data Analysis: Repeated measures ANOVA was used to determine differences between control and intervention groups on the following variables: walking, frequency of self-monitoring blood glucose, HbA1c levels, stages of change, physical activity self-efficacy, exercise benefits and barriers and body mass index.
Findings: Both groups showed signficiant differences over time for several of the variables. However, significant differences were found between groups only in the following variables: HbA1c levels, Body Mass Index, Frequency of self-monitoring of blood glucose.
Implications: The knowledge from this study will assist in further development of effective interventions aimed at increasing physical activity levels and the frequency of self-monitoring blood glucose in Type 2 diabetic women.
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