Rare Project on HIV/AIDS along Thai-Cambodian Border, Sa Kaeo Province, Thailand: An Approach for Timely Community Preventive Interventions

Friday, 11 July 2008: 8:30 AM
Wannee Deoisres, RN, PhD , Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University, Saensook, Chon Buri Province, Thailand
Sukjai Charoensuk, RN, PhD , Boromrajonani College of Nursing Chon Buri, Muang, Chon Buri province, Thailand

Learning Objective 1: analyz the RARE research method used in HIV/AIDS study.

Learning Objective 2: apply RARE research method for other public health problems.

The spread of HIV is still the important problem of public health in Thailand and all other countries. Therefore, HIV prevention has to be operated in the high risk areas and to the high risk groups of people. The Thai-Cambodian border community in Sa Kaeo province where Rohnggleua Market is located is a high risk area of HIV spread because it is the great mobility area of Thais and Cambodians who travel to and from Thailand and Cambodia daily and within a few days. In order to prevent and solve the problems of HIV and AIDS efficiently, rapidly, and in accordance to the context of the area, the researchers selected Rapid Assessment, Response, and Evaluation Model (RARE) developed by the AIDS Policy Office and controlled of the US Department of Health and Human Service to conduct this research.

The purposes of this RARE Project were to assess HIV/AIDS problems and to identify prevention needs of Rohnggleua Market community in Sa Kaeo Province. The RARE methodology uses a combination of observation, mapping, interview, focus group, and street intercept survey. The project comprised of a Community Working Group which acts as an advisory board for the project, a Field Team whose was responsible for gathering data, and RARE participants which included the cultural or community experts, service providers, and community leaders.

RARE project was implemented during August 2006-January 2007. The RARE field team and researchers worked together in order to analyze data during gathering data. Data from observation and mapping led to find the “hot spot” places, and relevant people. Data from street intercept survey were validated with data from in-depth interview, as well as, from focus group.

This presentation will discuss the findings of RARE research methodologies and recommendations for action plans. Lessoned learned from this project will also be discussed.