Factors Associated with Contraceptive Behavior

Monday, 7 July 2008
Shih-Ching Chao, BS , Medical Center, National Defense University, Taipei, Taiwan
Jen-Jiuan Liaw , School of Nursing, National Defense Medical Center, Neihu, Taipei, Taiwan
Ying-Chun Liu , Medical Center, National Defense University, Taipei, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: understand differences in contraception knowledge, attitudes, intention and self-efficacy between the couple with the use of contraception and those without contraception.

Learning Objective 2: recognize the associated factors that influence the couples' contraceptive behavior and provide individual family planning.

Objective: To identify the factors among the married couples based on their personal information and relevant socio-psychological development to be considered as essential references to the nurses in the future.

Methods: This study utilized a cross-sectional study design with purposive sampling. Pre-designed questionnaires were given to women in the obstetrics-gynecology outpatient department during July 2005 to December 2005. Two hundred and seventy-two individual married persons filled out survey forms separately.

Results: The results of this study presented that years married, numbers of children, wish to have more children, total hours of contraception training, contraceptive knowledge, contraceptive attitude, intention, and self-efficacy associated with contraceptive behavior of subjects. Logistic regression analysis indicated that more than two children (OR=8.32), contraceptive knowledge (OR=1.14), and contraceptive intention (OR=1.67) were associated with contraceptive behavior of subjects.

Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that the factors associated with contraceptive behavior of subjects, which will contribute to consulting in the family plan. Interventions that adopted characteristic needs can be acceptable to indigenous subjects and associated with significant changes in people's behavior.