Domestic Violence Experienced by Christian Women

Tuesday, 14 July 2009

Kyung Hye Lee, PhD, RN
Nursing Science, Ewha Woman's University, Seoul, South Korea

Learning Objective 1: understand issue of the domestic violence.

Learning Objective 2: teach community people about prevention of domestic violence.

Purpose: To understand actual experiences of domestic violence, to identify coping strategies used by victims of domestic violence, and to develop nursing theories of domestic violence. 

Methods: Three Focus Group Discussions were used to collect the data and a Grounded Theory approach was used for analysis. Study participants were 20 Korean Christian women.

Results: This study revealed seven themes, central phenomenon and it describes and checks the association of themes. Seven themes were as followings: First, married to husbands who were raised in abusive families, as a causal condition; Second, untreated human being and physically and mentally devastated; Third, women subjected to husband's alcoholism, extra-marital affairs, mistrust, suspicions and jealousies; Fourth, women enduring abusive situations and intervening for the sake of their children; Fifth, women spiritually and emotionally hurt by other church members and disappointed by their minister’s advice; Sixth, women who tried to overcome their difficult situations by themselves; Seventh, women who tried to depend upon God's help to overcome the difficulties of their situations, and have strong faith in God's empowerment. Central phenomenon was women who try to do their best to live as whole human beings.  

Conclusion:  Domestic violence has significant influences on women's health. Educational programs on domestic violence, especially by the ministers at the church will facilitate the  early detection of victims of domestic violence and their situations.  Parish nurses should assess  needs of the members of the church families, and then should plan programs based on needs, which are related to individual domestic violence issues.