Learning Objective 1: describe a method of qualitative research.
Learning Objective 2: describe components of a helping relationship for smoking cessation.
This study describes the process by which persons trying to quit smoking identify and are helped by persons providing a helping relationship.
Grounded theory methodology was used to elicit the experiences of 16 smokers of mixed demographics. The authors focused on the smokers' interactions with others and how the interactions impacted their ability to quit. Interviews were taped and transcribed. NVIVO software was used to analyze the data and theoretical sampling continued until no new data emerged.
Themes emerged in categories including environment/spatial, positive regard/verbal support, helper qualities sought, and communication by the smoker. Interestingly, negative and even sabotaging behaviors were identified among those close to the smoker.
Conclusion: Awareness by nurses of the components necessary for a relationship that promotes cessation may provide additional methods by which we can assist smokers to quit.