Learning Objective 1: describe significant attitudes and beliefs of this study population of homeless people toward HIV screening.
Learning Objective 2: describe the implementations of this study in promoting HIV screening among this homeless population.
Methods: From July to September 2008, 323 homeless people from 13 different shelters in five states in the northeastern
Results: Twenty-four percent reported no prior HIV screening and 3% reported having a previous positive HIV test. The path analysis model explained 58% of the homeless people’s intention to screen for HIV. Significant predictors included: attitude toward HIV screening, prior screening, age and subjective norms. Attitudes were positively influenced by their perception of being able to get treatment right away and free screening. Subjective norms were influenced by health care worker encouragement to have screening but not by family or sex partner recommendations.
Conclusion: Implications for nursing and health promotion include consideration of the impact of health provider recommendations and ease of administration into standards of care for this population at risk. These findings can influence targeted interventions to focus on the evaluation of attitudes and social norms of homeless persons within different sectors of the country to promote HIV screening for this vulnerable population.