Learning Objective 1: identify available workplace breastfeeding support among small, medium, and large size businesses.
Learning Objective 2: identify factors influencing employers’ intention to support breastfeeding in working mothers.
Methods: A secondary data analysis using data from a psychometric testing study was conducted. The sample included 380 business owners or managers from small, medium, and large companies in the Midwestern United States. Intention and other TPB variables were measured by the Employers’ Support of Breastfeeding Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square tests, and multiple regression analyses were used.
Results: Small and medium size businesses provided significantly less benefits and breastfeeding support services than the large businesses. Only 6% of employers reported that their organization provided policies regarding workplace breastfeeding support. The employers’ intention to support breastfeeding scores were similar regardless of business size. Regression analysis revealed that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived breastfeeding control significantly predicted employers’ intention to support breastfeeding after controlling for gender and education level (F3,349 = 78.5, P = .000, R2 = 0.43).
Conclusion: Significant differences in workplace breastfeeding support between large, medium, and small businesses were found. These findings provide a means for developing strategies that may be effective in increasing workplace breastfeeding support. Implication for clinical practice, policy, and research will be discussed.