Methods: The Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) survey includes quantitative and qualitative items to measure incivility in nursing education from both faculty and student perspectives. Two distinct sample populations completed the INE; 194 nursing faculty and 306 nursing students from the
Results: Nearly half (47%) of HNC respondents and 78.8% of U.S. respondents reported incivility as a moderate to serious problem and respondents from both countries identified students as more likely than faculty to behave uncivilly. Students from both countries differed in their perceptions of uncivil student behaviors. However faculty from both countries identified the same uncivil student behaviors including arriving late or leaving early from class, holding distracting conversations, and acting bored and apathetic. Respondents from both countries perceived incivility as a reciprocal process, cited stress as a major contributor, described in-class disruptions as the most frequent uncivil student behavior, and reported openly challenging faculty credibility as the most frequent threatening student behavior (U.S.=66.9%; HNC=60.5%). The most frequent uncivil faculty behaviors differed.
Conclusion: Chinese and
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