Learning Objective 1: To identify personal factors that predict alcohol consumption in adult women.
Learning Objective 2: To identify psychosocial factors (self-esteem, stressful life events, affective states) that predict alcohol consumption in adult women.
Methods: Design Cuantitative (descriptive, correlational) random sampling, sample of 440 adult women 18 to 65 years resident in Nuevo León. Measurements: Document of Personal Data, Alcohol Consumption Questionnaire (TWEAK) (Russell & Bigler, 1979), Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg 1965), Social Readjustment Classification Scale (holmes and Rahe, 1967) and Multiple Affection adjectives List (Zuckerman & Lubin 1965). Conclusion:It is important to propose professional interventions on nursing for the prevention of consumption of risk and probable addiction to the alcohol in the women.
Results: For the type of alcohol consumption (TWEAK) 44.4% refers sensible consumption, 41.9% addiction risk and 13.7% probable alcohol addiction.
It was found a negative relationship between self-esteem and alcohol consumption (rs=-.233,p<.001), positive relationship of stressful life events (rs= .158, p<.05) and depression (rs= .138, p<.05) with alcohol consumption. There is difference in self-esteem by the type of consumption (H= 13.80, p<.001), women with addiction risk reported lower self-esteem than those with sensible consumption. The women with addiction risk showed more stress (H=9.08, p< .001). In the personal factors differences were observed in age and alcohol consumption (H=6.29, p=.043) it was higher in women 18 to 30 years than in 31 to 60 years. The consumption was higher in women that work (U=6761.00, p<.001) by type of work and alcohol consumption the differences were significative (H= 15.124, p=.002), the women with higher consumption were professionals and administratives. In marital status reported higher consumption women without a couple (U = 5264.50, p<.001).
The personal predictor factors of alcohol consumption were: marital status (B=-.380, p=.039) working days (B=8.12, p= .006), age of onset (B= -4.83, p=.001). Of psychosocial factors were: self-esteem (B=-6.77, p=.001), anxiety B= -6.57, p=.014).Conclusion s:
Conclusion:It is important to propose professional interventions on nursing for the prevention of consumption of risk and probable addiction to the alcohol in the women.