Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to identify the principal aspects of Mano a Mano, a successful HIV prevention research project in Chile.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to identify and understand changes in HIV related knowledge among female participants in the Mano a Mano prevention initiative.
Methods: An experimental, longitudinal study examined the impact of the “Mano a Mano” prevention intervention on HIV related knowledge among Chilean women (RO1 TW006977. PI Cianelli). Participants were recruited from two low income communities in Santiago (intervention= 244, Control =252). Outcomes were evaluated at three points in time, baseline (pre-intervention), post- intervention or 6 weeks, and 3 months post. Analysis was performed using ANOVA with repeated measures and t-test.
Results: Statistically significant differences were found between intervention and control groups and across the three measures in time (F=93.33, p<0.05). Statistically significant increases in HIV related knowledge were found among the intervention group post intervention ( t=-16.54, p<0.05) and 3 months post(t=16.334, p<0.05), while there was no change in knowledge in the control group (p>0.05). Additionally intervention groups demonstrated higher scores than control at 6 weeks(t=10.65, p< 0.05) and 3 months post intervention (t= 9.78, p<0.05)
Conclusion: This HIV intervention was effective in creating positive changes in knowledge among Chilean women, demonstrating that culturally adapted, nursing HIV prevention interventions can be successful. HIV/AIDS related knowledge is a protective factor in the prevention of HIV, and because of this it is necessary for nursing to include it in the realization of effective prevention programs.
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