Human Papilloma Virus Vaccination: Intention, Knowledge and Attitudes of Korean College Students

Wednesday, 15 July 2009: 11:05 AM

Hee Sun Kang, PhD
Department of nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, South Korea
Myung-Sun Hyun, PhD, RN
Collge of Nursing, Ajou University, Suwon, South Korea

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to know about the use of HPV vaccine in Korea.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to describe the concerns related to HPV vaccine of college students.

Purpose: The rate of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is steadily increasing in Korea. Two HPV vaccines (Gardasil and Cervarix) are currently on the market. This study examined the intention, knowledge, and attitudes of college students regarding the HPV vaccine.  Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at 15 Korean colleges. Data were collected from March to June, 2008 from a convenience sample of 1564 college students using a survey questionnaire. The survey included measures of demographic variables, intention to receive HPV vaccine, knowledge about, and attitudes toward HPV vaccine. All items except knowledge were rated on a 5-point Likert-type response format, with higher scores indicating greater intention, greater knowledge, and more positive attitudes. Results: Of the 1564 participants, only 1.2% had received HPV vaccine and 3.1% had education on HPV vaccine. Participants showed a general lack of knowledge about HPV vaccine and most women did not have assurance of the safety and effectiveness of it and concerned about the high cost. The intention of receiving HPV vaccine was positively correlated with attitude such that the more positive attitude, the greater intention to have HPV vaccine. More than half of the participants desired to know more about this vaccine. Conclusion: The majority of participants never had education on HPV vaccine and their awareness and knowledge of this vaccine was low. These findings underscore the need to make information about HPV vaccine widely available to promote HPV vaccination and to help them to make informed decisions.