Sleep Alterations Prevalence in a Mexican Nurses' Sample

Tuesday, 14 July 2009: 11:10 AM

Sergio Marquez-Gamino, MD, PhD1
Carol M. Baldwin, PhD, RN, AHN-BC, FAAN2
Cipriana Caudillo-Cisneros, MS, RN1
Luxana Reynaga-Ornelas, MN, RN3
Octavio A. Jimenez-Garza, MS, RN4
Mary Z. Mays, PhD5
Laura Mata-Rojas6
1Research Institute on Human Work, University of Guanajuato, Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico
2College of Nursing & Health Innovation; Southwest Borderlands; Director, Office of World Health Promotion & Disease Prevention, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ
3Departamento de Enfermería y Obstetricia sede León, Universidad de Guanajuato Campus León, Division de Ciencias de la Salud, Leon. Guanajuato, Mexico
4Departamento de Enfermería y Obstetricia Sede León, Universidad de Guanajuato Campus León, División de Ciencias de la Salud, Leon. Guanajuato, Mexico
5Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Phoenix, AZ
6Nursing Department at Leon, University of Guanajuato, Leon, Mexico

Learning Objective 1: To know the prevalence of sleep alterations in Mexican nursing personnel.

Learning Objective 2: To know the impact of sleep alterations on a Mexican nursing professionals sample health.

A close relation between sleep and general health status has been reported. Without no doubt sleep is one of the main contributing factors to reach physical and psychosocial well-being. The nursing profession has been considered a high health risk occupation. Several health alterations have been associated to nursing (Susuki, 2005; Hignett, 1996). Sleep deprivation, often occurring during the nursing practice, induces labour related errors and accidents. It can also be a causal factor to deleterious changes in the practitioner’s health. Work shifts can increase health risks. Gastrointestinal, cancer, and psychiatric diseases, work capacity reduction, as well as proclivity to drugs abuse have been reported.
Purpose: To assess prevalence of sleep disorders in Mexican hospital nurses. Methods: The Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS) questionnaire was answered in situ by 104 clinical nurses. The mean age of the sample was 34.6 ± 11.9 y.o. All the respondents were females. Additionally, weight and height were measured, and BMI calculated. A customized questionnaire on the individual’s health was also applied.
Results: 37.5% of participants declared sleep alterations. The higher frequency was exhibited by those working night shifts. 55.8% reported snoring, and 5.9% sleep apnea. 19.3% had problems to begin sleeping. 10.6% reported excessive daytime fatigue.

Conclusion: In spite of being a young sample, this nursing professionals display a high prevalence of sleep alterations. This high prevalence of sleep disorders associated to the nursing profession could increase the health risks, mainly for chronic degenerative diseases.