Learning Objective 1: The learner will become aware of some implicit leadership perceptions held by Korean nurses.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will understand how implicit leadership perceptions may influence nursing leadership behaviors.
This phenomenological pilot study examined implicit leadership perceptions of Korean nurses in order to optimally frame interview questions for a larger subsequent study of Korean nurses in the United States (U.S.) The long-term objective of this pilot study was to build an enhanced repertoire of understanding of implicit leadership perceptions of Korean nurses; to ultimately compare those perceptions to actual leadership responsibilities that are expectations of the nursing role in the U.S.; and to enhance the body of knowledge that will guide nurse educators in global nursing curriculum development.
A phenomenological research approach was implemented for this study after IRB approval and consents were obtained. The convenience sample included Korean nurses enrolled in the Korean Nurse Track – RN to BSN program at Eastern University, St. Davids, Pennsylvania. Qualitative data were derived from a writing assignment, “What Leadership Means to Me”, which was the first assignment for a NURS 402 - Leadership in Nursing course. From this assignment, the researcher derived descriptive data in order to determine implicit leadership perceptions.
After the qualitative research principles of description, analysis, and interpretation were implemented, results were reported as follows: Of the eleven reports examined, 122 words, statements, or phrases were organized into five themes which included: higher education is required of those in leadership positions; self-care is important for all leaders; leader attributes; personality traits; and professional skill. Leader attributes was the most populated theme; therefore, was broken down into three subdivisions – self-acquired attributes, other-centered attributes, and moral attributes.
Interview questions that might best facilitate optimal data collection regarding implicit leadership perceptions of Korean nurses for a future qualitative research study include: how holistic self-care relates to leadership; how gender relates to leadership perceptions; how the group-protective mindset influences autonomous leadership; and views on autonomous leadership.
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