Learning Objective 1: Describe the American Heart Association staging and New York Heart Association classification of heart failure.
Learning Objective 2: Understand the evidence in assessing heart failure stages and classifications to map prevention and management of heart failure.
The American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) staging highlight the importance of known risk factors and structural abnormalities of the heart in the development of HF. It reinforces the concept that HF is a progressive disease whose onset can be prevented, or its progression halted by early identification and intervention. The New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification relates to symptoms of everyday activities and the patient's quality of life. Symptoms are graded at four levels based on how much they limit functional capacity. Unlike the AHA/ACC staging system, the NYHA class often can shift from one level to another as functional capacity improves or worsens.
|Table Comparing AHA/ACC stage and NYHA Classification|
|HF Stage||Structural Damage to Heart||NYHA Classification||Physical activity|
|A||High risk, no damage||Class I||No limitation|
|B||Damage, no or mild symptoms||Class II||Slight limitation |
|C||Damage amenable to treatment||Class III||Marked limitation |
|D||Damage, refractory to conventional treatment||Class IV||Unable to carry out any activity without discomfort. |
Evidence suggests knowledge of assessing the AHA/ACC stages helps to prevent and manage HF in those at risk and complements NYHA classification system, which gauges the severity of symptoms in people who are at AHA/ACC stage C and D that augments timely dialogue regarding end life issues with end stage HF patients.
See more of: Evidence-Based Practice Sessions – Oral Paper & Posters