Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the interactive effects of time pressure and nurse conscientiousness on patient safety.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to see nurse conscientiousness may buffer the negative effects of time pressure.
Methods: A cross-sectional design and questionnaires were used. The sample comprised 411 nurses working in two Taiwanese hospitals from May to July 2008. Median split was used for categorizing participants into high and low time pressure groups and high and low conscientiousness group. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t tests were used for analysis. Scales came from Putrevu and Ratchford (1987) and Teng et al. (2007, 2009).
Results: The interaction of time pressure and nurse conscientiousness revealed the trend to impact patient safety (F(1, 376) = 1.92, p = .17), supporting the subsequent analyses. For nurses with high conscientiousness (n = 223), time pressure was not significantly related to patient safety (t = -1.17, p = .24). However, for nurses with low conscientiousness (n = 157), time pressure was negatively related to patient safety (t = -2.58, p = .01).
Conclusion: Findings of this study support that nurse conscientiousness may buffer the negative impacts of time pressure at workplace.Keywords: Patient safety, time pressure, and nurse conscientiousness.
Putrevu, S., Ratchford, B.T., 1997. A model of search behavior with an application to grocery shopping. Journal of Retailing 73 (4), 463-486.
Teng, C.I., Dai, Y.T., Shyu, Y.I.L., Wong, M.K.,
Teng, C.I., Hsu, K.H., Chien, R.C., & Chang, H.Y., 2007. Influence of personality on care quality of hospital nurses. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 22 (4), 358-364.
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