Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to identify the caring teaching strategies in clinical setting.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand the difficulty and problems of clinical teachers on the nursing education.
Purpose. The purposes of this study were to explore the clinical teachers’ cognition of caring, their teaching practice and difficulties, how the teachers incorporate the core value of caring in their teaching and how they lead nursing students to express the sense of care.
Methods. Focus group was conducted. Ten clinical nursing teachers participated in three focus group discussions, each 1 to 1.5 hours in length. All group sessions were audio taped and then transcribed and later translated from Chinese to English. Thematic content analysis was used to explore and organize the data.
Result. Three essential structures of caring focused clinical teaching were the caring cognition, teaching strategies, and confronting the inappropriate behaviors of nursing students. Caring cognition included sub-themes of empathy meeting patient's basic needs and compassion. Teaching strategies included sub-themes of sense stimulation, simulating, and receptive mind. Confronting the inappropriate behaviors of nursing students included sub-themes of minimizing harm, promoting trust relationship and taking advantages of this turning opportunity.
Conclusion. Understanding the realization and difficulty of caring focused clinical teaching can facilitate the establishment of a more supportive milieu and clinical teachers thereby enacting as role models. The findings can be used as a reference by clinical teachers in raising the teaching quality to meet the TNAC (Taiwan Nursing Accreditation Council) standards.
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