Learning Objective 1: 1) Enhance nursing knowledge, skills and education related to implementation of the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium Curriculum
Learning Objective 2: 2) Participants will be able to discuss challenges and opportunities in providing palliative care education in any settings.
Purpose: It is estimated by the year 2030, one of five Americans will be 65 or older, and the number of people over the age of 85 will double. These statistics reveal a need to implement evidence base palliative care educational program.
Design and Method: n=33 (28) Registered Nurses, (3) Advance Practice Nurses, and (2) Licensed Practical Nurses attended the program at the Medical Center. Rosswurm and Larrabees’s change model were utilized for understanding health care quality as related to evidence-based practice and change in the clinical setting. End-of Life Nursing Education Consortium Curriculum (ELNEC) eight modules were presented in the form of power point, discussions, video, case studies, and role play.
Measurement: Pre-Post test questionnaires; anonymous and confidential. Twenty items of the Palliative Care Quiz for Nurses measured areas of philosophy and principles of palliative care, pain and symptom management, and psychosocial aspect of care. Response choices were true or false and don’t know. Total scores range from 0-20. Total time frame for the quiz was approximately 20 minutes.
Results: Pre-Test scores indicated that 86% (25) of the nurses had no formal education in palliative care. 58% (8) nurses had at least 10 years of experience in various nursing departments. Overall, pre-training knowledge strength was 70%. Post Training strength changed to 82%. Overall, post training increase strength was 14%.
Conclusion: There is a significant need for palliative care education programs for nurses and all healthcare practitioners in any settings.
American Association of College of Nursing. About ELNEC (2004). Retrieved August 20, 2008 from htpp://www.aacn.nche.edu/elnec/about.htm.
Rosswurm, M. A. & Larrabee, J.H. (1999). A model for change to evidence-based practice. Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 31, 317-322.Ross, M. M., McDonald, B., & McGuinness, J. (1996). The Palliative care quiz for nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 23, 126-137.
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