Learning Objective 1: Nationwide interventions and educational activities especially for men are needed to increase the level of awareness in men.
Learning Objective 2: There are severe differences in the perception of violence in women and men.
Methods: The participants included 330 female university students and 637 males doing their military service at the time. The stated rate of exposure to violence was 37.7% in males and 32.4% in females. All participants agreed on the fact that violence was a major problem in Turkey.
Results: The perception level of females was higher than of males for the scenarios of violence. 35.9% of the males approved of the statement “any type of violence may be used against women when there is adultery”, and 44.4% of them approved of the statement “woman cannot work if not permitted by her husband”. The statement “violence against woman is an indicator of weakness” was approved by men with a high educational status three three-fold that of males with lower educational status (OR=2.9; CI=2.37–4.37). Violence against women is still a public health problem in our country. The interventions for providing educational and consulting services for men on this issue of violence may be effective in raising their level of perception for violence. Educational activities in order to increase the level of awareness may decrease the potential of using violence in men in terms of eliminating the educational differences.
Conclusion: The key points of our study are as follows: There are severe differences in the perception of violence in women and men. The differences in perception of violence in men with different educational levels emphasize the importance of education. It is important to have this issue in the curriculum of secondary and high schools and to increase their level of awareness in order to improve the attitudes of men towards violence.