Influencing Factors of Nursing Career Decisions of Male Nurse Students in Taiwan: An Ecological View

Thursday, 15 July 2010

Hung Da Dai, RN, MSN
AOR, Department of Nursing, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Shu Yu, PhD, RN
School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
Teresa J. C. Yin, RN, PhD
Department of Nursing, Taipei Veteran General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan
Ming-Chen Yeh, RN, MS
School of Nursing, Hung-Kuang University, Shalu, Taiwan
Hsing-Yi Yu, RN, MS
Department of Nursing, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Miaoli County, Taiwan
Ying-Shih Chen, RN

Learning Objective 1: express the reasons why we should recruit male into nursing profession.

Learning Objective 2: express what are the factors influencing male nurse students in Taiwan make the career decision of nursing.

Background: As nursing shortage and gender image were noted in decades, recruiting men into nursing are advocated by nursing leaders increasingly. However, the percentage of men in nursing is still far lower than female colleagues in Taiwan. Former researches focused on nursing career decision in Taiwan are fragmented and area limited with small samples. To explore the factors influencing male student nurses’ career decision by a more comprehensive method is required.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the influencing factors of male student nurses’ career decision national wild by using an ecological view.

Methods: A cross-sectional census with a sample of 205 male nurse graduated from 20 schools was conducted in Taiwan by mailing questionnaire at summer, 2009.

Results: The response rate are 71.2%(N=146). The mean age of the subjects was 21.6±1.9, and most of the subjects were BSN prepared (n = 84, 56.5%). The model for male student nurses choosing nursing as career was determined by logistic regression. The predictive validity was 77.9% , and professional commitment and enrolled nursing program by parents’ opinion were predictive factors.

Conclusion: The results indicate the nursing career decision is not only a personal factor but environmental ones. Recruiting male nurse may start early form pre-enrollment and focus more environmental conditions. More studies still required to explore other environmental factors influencing male student nurses’ decision to be a nurse.