Translation of the Chinese Version of Work Related Quality of Life Scale

Thursday, 15 July 2010: 3:45 PM

Hung Da Dai, RN, MSN
AOR, Department of Nursing, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Shu Yu, PhD, RN
School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
Teresa J. C. Yin, RN, PhD
Department of Nursing, Taipei Veteran General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: express the concept of quality of working life.

Learning Objective 2: express the process of scale translation.

Background: Global Nursing shortage is noted in decades due to the increasing complexities of healthcare demands and environments. Since Quality of working life is one of the most important managerial and international indicators for nursing positive environment, a reliable and succinct tool to explore and compare nurses’ quality of work life globally is required. However, there are few both valid and concise instruments for the Chinese. The Work-Related Quality of Life Scale developed by Van Larr, Edwards & Easton(2007)is a 24-item questionnaire and it is theoretical based, succinct and psychometric valid in nursing profession.

Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to translate the Work-Related Quality of Life Scale (QOWL) from English into the Chinese and evaluate the possibility for clinical applications.

Methods: The Cha’s model of scale translation for cross-culture research was adopted because of limited availability of bilingual translators. After forward and backward translations, expert panel review, a Chinese version of The Work-Related Quality of Life Scale was proposed and a pilot study by convenient samples (N = 30) from a medical center was completed.

Results: The concurrent validity by correlated with a 56-item local quality of working life scale was .783(p<.001) with a 100% response rate. The test –retest reliability after 3 weeks was .893(p<.001)and Conbachs’ alpha was 0.893(p<.001) indicates a excellent internal consistency.

Conclusion: The results indicate that the Chinese version of The Work-Related Quality of Life Scale was an acceptable tool for human resources managers and policy makers, but studies with larger sample size are still suggested for confirmatory analysis.