Thursday, 15 July 2010: 4:05 PM
Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to learn effective measures to increase the knowledge and reduce the risk of falls of the elderly in the community.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to use our research tools and will be inspired to be more creative in instilling knowledge to the elderly.
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of the Fall Prevention Module in increasing the knowledge and reducing the risk of falls of the Filipino Elderly in the Community.
Design: The quasi-experimental one group pre-test and posttest research design were utilized.
Settings: Conducted at Barangay 432, Zone 44, Sampaloc, Manila.
Subjects: The study included 30 eligible Filipino elderly who voluntarily consented to participate in the study.
Intervention: The 30 respondents received the Fall Prevention Module that contains information on the causes, manifestations related to the risk factors, prevention and immediate management of falls.
Outcome Measure: The respondents took a 16 item pre-test given in their respective homes. After which, the Fall Prevention Module was given. After 5 days, a post test was administered using the same set of questionnaire.
Results: The findings of the study showed(1) majority of the respondents were from the age of 60 – 65 years old (52%), were either elementary graduates or high school undergraduates (23%), earning less than PhP 5,000 on monthly basis (40%), and belonged to an extended family (67%), (2) the mean pre-test scores on the questions related to the causes, manifestations related to the risk factors, prevention and immediate management of falls are 0.9, 2.67, 5 and 0.9 respectively, (3) there is a significant correlation between the educational attainment and support system of the respondents to the mean pre-test scores, (4) the mean post-test scores of the respondents on the questions related to the causes, manifestations related to the risk factors, prevention and immediate management of falls are 1.4, 2.76, 5.7, 1.47 respectively, and (5) there is a significant difference between the mean scores of the pre-test and post-test(p value- 0.003).
Conclusion: The Fall Prevention Module is effective tool increasing the level of knowledge of the Filipino Elderly thus reducing their risk of falls.