Comparing Critical Thinking Skills of First- and Last-Term Baccalaureate Students of Nursing, Midwifery and Occupational Therapy in Tehran Universities

Thursday, 15 July 2010

Kajal Khodamoradi, MS
School of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Branch, Tehran, Iran

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to know which kind of educational methods are be used in developing counteries and which of them is most popular.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to get information about critical thinking abilities and its sub skills in different groups of students and compare them.

1- objetives
This descriptive comparative study was conducted to determine and compare critical thinking skills of first- and last-term baccalaureate students of nursing, midwifery and occupational therapy in medical universities of Tehran in 2006.
2- methods
All 426 freshman and senior students in three medical universities in Tehran city including Shaheed Beheshti, Tehran, and Iran were selected. They completed a demographic formand  California Critical Thinking Skills Test (Form B).
3- results

Findings showed a significant difference between total critical thinking scores of the first- and last-term students of nursing and midwifery in Shaheed Beheshti and Iran universitiy respectively (P<0.04 ) and (p<0.03). However, there was no significant difference in other groups. In addition, no significant difference was found in total critical thinking scores of students at different disciplines and universities. there was no significant relationship between the total critical thinking scores of the subjects and their age, sex, marital status, work experience, computer knowledge as well as participation in extra classes although having high school diploma in mathematics and physics or higher average scores of senior students at previous terms and reading books in various topics showed a significant relationship. 4- discussion
In general, findings of this study showed no significant increase in critical thinking skills of senior students. This may be resulted from inadequate attention to instructing these skills during their education.