The Utilization of Childhood Early Intervention Services and the Related Factors for Families

Tuesday, 13 July 2010

Su-Hui Chien, BS
Yu-Fen Tzeng, BS
Yuan-Ju Liao, BS
Pei-Yi Mei, BS
Hsiao-Ling Yang, MS
Bih-Shya Gau, PhD
Department of nursing, College of Medicine National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to realize the utilization of childhood early intervention services in taipei county taiwan.

Learning Objective 2: the learner will be able to realize the related factors to the utilization of childhood early intervention services in taipei county taiwan.


Early intervention services for children include medical, social-welfare and educational resources. This research aims to understand the frequency of the early intervention resources utilized by the family and the related factors.


A cross-sectional survey was conducted to explore the status and related factors for early intervention services used by the families. A target population 1301 families was recruited from the register of early intervention authentication in Public Health Bureau of Taipei County Government. An eligible subject of 111 families was selected by simple random sampling approach during August to November 2009. The total valid sample size was 93 with a response rate of 83.8%. A structured-questionnaire entitled "Utilization of Childhood Early Intervention Services" of acceptable content validity was used to collected data.

The results showed as follows. 1. Children aged from 1 to 15 (M = 5.05, SD = 2.45), the majority (67.1%) were boys. Most of children (55.2%) were developmental delay, and been diagnosed at the age between 2-3years old (33.7%). Most families were at low social economic status (53.3%). Eight mothers (9.0%) had the foreign nationality. 2. Three main resources included the treatment resources, educational resources and social-welfare resources. The highest frequency of utilization was the treatment resources, among which the rehabilitation medicine was the highest one, utilization of social-welfare resources and complementary therapies were lower than 30%. 3. The diagnosis of children, nationality of mothers and the family social economic status were the significant factors related to the utilization of early intervention resources.


This study reports the status of early intervention services, and suggests the "family-centered services" and "interdisciplinary collaborations" in the childhood early intervention services. Tele-health services and transition care are also suggested.