Learning Objective 1: identify the factors associated with metabolic syndrome.
Learning Objective 2: discuss dietary interventions related to metabolic syndrome.
The purpose of this project was to investigate whether individual nutrition counseling would improve the outcomes of patients with metabolic syndrome. A trans-disciplinary team of faculty and graduate students from nutrition and nursing served as consultants and educators at a clinic for the uninsured in a southeastern city in the United States. This study was a one-group before-and-after design, with baseline data obtained on patients prior to the practice change. The study ran for six months. The intervention was an evidence-based practice change incorporating intensive dietary program for 19 patients with metabolic syndrome and an evaluation of the effect of that change on lipoproteins, glucose, blood pressure, weight, and waist circumference.
Although there were no positive changes in either weight or waist circumference, the participants did enjoy a significant decrease in blood pressure, fasting glucose and plasma lipids. None of these changes were significantly associated with the dietary intervention. Based on the most current evidence, the most effective way to reduce risks associated with metabolic syndrome is weight reduction, adequate nutrition, and exercise. Strategies to improve symptoms related to metabolic syndrome and more evidence based research is needed in this area.
See more of: Evidence-Based Practice Sessions – Oral Paper & Posters