Teenagers Want to Be Mothers,.But…

Thursday, 15 July 2010: 10:50 AM

Virginia Soto, PhD
Facultad de Enfermeria, Universidad Nacional DE Colombia, Bogota, Colombia

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to gain knowledge of the experience with pregnancy in a group of teenagers,analyze the narratives and categorize them

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to identify ambivalence like central category resulting of interactions of pregnancy experience immersed in a society that also is ambivalent

Purpose: Describe the experience with pregnancy in a group of teenagers from Bogota and to propose a hypothesis on that experience

Methods: Based on grounded theory, The data was collected through in-depth interviews with 30 pregnant teenagers

Results: Seven categories that describe the teenage pregnancy experience were drawn from the results of the analysis: unexpected pregnancy, accepting pregnancy, experimenting with ways to look after yourself, suffering loss due to pregnancy, blaming yourself for the pregnancy, resisting abortion and rebuilding support networks.  These seven categories were then combined to construct a central category and, ultimately, to arrive at the assumption that teenage girls “want to become pregnant, but not so soon.”  Accordingly, the concept of ambivalence is used as the thread to demonstrate how this sequence of actions/interactions evolves in response to the pregnancy experience and how pregnant teens, who are immersed in a society that also is ambivalent, align themselves pursuant to the conditions and changes in their context.

Conclusion: The conclusion is that pregnant teens leave contraception up to the male. However, when becoming pregnant, they assign no blame or responsibility to their sexual partner and even excuse him, in a veiled way, from being accountable.   Teenage girls associate contraceptive care or protection with changes in their social behavior and fail to acknowledge their corporeity. Therefore, the physical changes are not significant. The parent-adolescent relationship is reinforced during the pregnancy. However, when the mothers of these teenagers learned their daughters were sexually active, they failed to address the situation effectively or simply chose to ignore it. The study contributes to nursing science from an interpretive perspective by recognizing that the circumstances facing pregnant teenagers are ambivalent, complex and dependent on the context.