Sleep Quality and Health-Related Quality of Life among Mothers of Children with Atopic Dermatitis

Wednesday, 14 July 2010: 9:10 AM

Ping-Yi Lee, RN
Department of Nursing, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei,10630, Taiwan
Pi-Chen Chang, PhD
College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: know the Atopic dermatitis could reduced sleep quality of children and affects sleep quality of mothers.

Learning Objective 2: know the relationship between the magnitude of Atopic dermatitis of children and life quality among their mothers.

Purpose: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease among children. It mainly leads to children’s itching and reduced sleep quality and also affects sleep quality of their mothers. Research indicate that poor sleep may be associated with lower quality of life. The aim of this study is to exam the relationship between the magnitude of Atopic dermatitis of children and the sleep and life quality among their mothers.

Methods: The study is a cross-sectional descriptive correlational design. The experimental group included 40 mothers of the children selected by purposive sampling and the control group included 40 mothers with health children. We used structural formula questionnaire to collect personal background information from the children and their mothers. The severity of the disease was measured by SCORAD Index. Furthermore, the sleep quality and quality of life were measured by PSQI and SF-36 respectively. Statistics software SPSS 13.0 was used to analyze the collected data including description statistics and deduction statistics.

Results:  Research results are the followings. First, mothers with AD children exhibits a poorer global sleep quality, compared to the mothers with healthy children(t =6.97, p = .000). Second, the disease group of mothers also has poor Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) in life quality. Third, the global sleep quality and the disease severity of children can explain 43.4% of PCS. Moreover, the global sleep quality along with the disease severity can explain 32.2% of MCS.

Conclusion: In conclusion, sleep quality and children’s disease severity have effect on both mental and physical health of the mothers with AD children. In order to improve these mothers’ life quality, relieving the symptoms of the children and promoting sleep quality of mothers are necessary.