Demo-Socioeconomic, Obstetric Variables, Perceived Stress and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Pregnant Women in Macao, China

Tuesday, 31 July 2012: 3:30 PM

Ying Lau, PhD
School of Health Sciences, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, Macau

Learning Objective 1: exchange to knowledge from different countries.

Learning Objective 2: learn new trend of research direction in a gobal view.


To identify the relationship of demographic, socioeconomic and obstetric variables and health-related quality of life to perceived stress among Macao Chinese pregnant women.


It was a cross-sectional and exploratory quantitative study among a community-based sample (n=1151) pregnant women during the second trimester. The setting was in an antenatal clinic of a university-affiliated regional public hospital in Macao.The perceived stress was measured by the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and health-related quality of life was measured by the standard SF-12 Health Survey (SF-12).


A multiple linear regression analysis revealed that pregnant women who were younger (β = 0.085, p = 0.002) , single, divorced, separated or cohabitating (β = 0.067, p < 0.009), lower education attainment (β = 0.079, p = 0.003), worked long hours (β = 0.102, p < 0.001) or had an unplanned pregnancy (β = 0.063 p = 0.014) with late initiation of  antenatal care (β = 0.066, p = 0.008) or poor physical (β = -0.501, p < 0.001) or mental (β = -0.115, p < 0.001) health-related quality of life had higher levels of perceived stress.


The preliminary information was provided about Macao Pregnant women who had higher perceived stress during pregnancy that was associated with the demographic, socioeconomic, obstetric, and health-related quality of life variables. Development of a checklist or structured questions was necessary for clinical situations and tailor-made a program of stress management during pregnancy.