Dissemination and Utilization Gap of Nursing Research in India: Call for International Collaboration

Wednesday, 1 August 2012: 12:00 AM

Annie Thomas, PhD
Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL
Urmila Bharadwaj, MSN
Rufaida College of Nursing, Jamia Hamdard(Hamdard University), New Delhi, India

Learning Objective 1: assess the dissemination and utilization gap in nursing research activities in India

Learning Objective 2: recommend strategies to improve nursing research activities in India through global collaboration

Purpose: Research dissemination and knowledge utilization are essential components of today's nursing practice. The CURN model (1980) explains the importance of research utilization in nursing. It was evident from researchers teaching experience both in India and United States that the nursing institutions in developed countries are far more advanced in disseminating research related results to the scientific community compared to developing countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the dissemination details of nursing research studies in a selected nursing school of India. 

Methods: A retrospective record review method was used. One nursing school with PhD, M.Phil and Master of Nursing educational program was chosen for the study. Administrative approval was obtained prior to data collection. A researcher collaborating for the project in India retrieved ten PhD dissertations from 2004 to 2007, twenty six M Phil thesis from 1987 to 2002, and one hundred and twenty eight Master of Nursing theses from 1995 to 2004. The CINHAL, Pub Med, and Medline databases and four nursing journals published from India were accessed to review the publishing history.  

Results: Out of 268 research studies retrieved from institution’s library records, 8 PhD dissertations (80%), 21 M.Phil theses (81.3%), and 62 Master of Nursing theses (48.4%) were published in the journals. A non-peer reviewed nursing journal that had limited access to global community was used from 1987 to 2003 to publish studies (59, 75.8%).Thereafter, the research  studies started appearing in peer reviewed international journals (12, 37.5%). 

Conclusion: The study findings reveal that the nursing research dissemination process is not intense at various levels of educational preparation in India. To maximize the benefits of nursing research and for the delivery of high quality nursing care, it is important to develop a focused research plan that enhance the process of identifying the barriers in developing, conducting, disseminating and utilizing nursing research through international collaboration