Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the situated e-learning is an effective method to improve learners’ knowledge and performance.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand the situated e-learning is a good adjunct to traditional learning for medical and nursing education.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of situated e-learning in medical and nursing education.
Methods: Literature databases of PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, ERIC, and Cochrane Library were searched. The study eligibility criteria include articles published in English, which examine the effectiveness of a situated e-learning on the outcomes of knowledge and performance for healthcare providers or students. Effect sizes were calculated with 95% confidence intervals.
Results: Eleven articles were included for meta-analysis. The situated e-learning could effectively enhance learners’ knowledge and performance when the control group received no training. Compared to traditional learning, the effectiveness of situated e-learning on performance diminished but remained significant whereas the effect become insignificant on knowledge. The subgroup analyses indicates that the situated e-learning program significantly improved students’ clinical performance but not for clinicians.
Conclusions: The situated e-learning is an effective method to improve learners’ performance. The effect of the situated e-learning on the improvement of cognitive ability is limited when compared to traditional learning. Situated e-learning is a good adjunct to traditional learning for medical and nursing education.
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