Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to kow Taiwan's Physical Activity Guidelines for Children and Adolescents.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand the recommendations and policies of physical activity(PA) for children and adolescents in different countries.
Purpose : The aim of the study was: (a) to explore the recommendations and policies of physical activity (PA) for children and adolescents in different countries; (b) to understand the reaching rate of national PA recommendations for children and adolescents in different countries; (c) to propose PA recommendations for children and adolescents in Taiwan.
Methods: The Delphi method was used to obtain experts’ opinion on recommendations of PA. Firstly, systemic review related to literatures, website was done, which focuses on policy implementation, current condition of PA in different countries. As offering the data to participants and carrying out two rounds Delphi reviews (n = 63, 43) and two penal discussions (n = 26, 22), the consensuses were made. Eventually, PA guideline for children and adolescents in Taiwan was established.
Results: The PA guidelines were as follows: Vigorous-intensity PA (VPA) 90 minutes per week for elementary school students, 120 minutes per week for junior high school students, 150 minutes per week for senior high school students. Moderate-intensity PA (MPA) 210 minutes per week for all kinds of students. After-school time on watching TV, playing computers and video games, and surfing on the Internet should be fewer than 2 hours per day during a week. PE course’s frequency and quality were set as well. Walking to school and attending family activities are also encouraged but not enforced.
Conclusion s: The PA guidelines for children and adolescents were completed. Ministry of Education of Taiwan develops a policy which increases pupils’ recommended PA quantity significantly according to the guidelines, so as to improve pupils’ physical fitness and health.