The Experience in Prevention of Cervical Cancer for Taiwanese Women

Monday, 30 July 2012

Lin Miaoling, RN, MSA
Health Management Division Section Head, Kaohsiung City Government Department of Health, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the meaning of cervical cancer prevention among Taiwanese women.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to know how to consider woman's demand and provide appropriate care.

Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the meaning of cervical cancer prevention among Taiwanese women. From an understanding of the women’s perspectives, healthcare  professionals can realize how the women interpret the screenings in order to provide them appropriate health education and further assistance.

Methods: The researchers collected data through one-on-one interviews. The interview contents were mainly intended to allow women to express their ideas of cervical cancer prevention and control and recall the preventive measures implemented, as well as their experiences and feelings. Meanwhile, patients were asked to describe their relatives’ ideas on the preventive experience. In the process, observations, and problem clarification methods were used to verify the interview subjects’ views. Then, the interview data collected was adopted for the content analysis to extract representative significance. The items of significance with similar characteristics were subsequently classified as to theme. On the whole, the purpose of this study and the themes found were described accordingly.

Results: Through the data of interviews with seven women, two dimensions and nine themes were summarized, including: 1. positive cognition: (1) guarantee of health; (2) self-protective actions; (3) protection of uterus was of special significance; (4) peace of mind through choice; (5) delivery made me overcome hurdles; (6) let me keep a safe distance; and 2. negative cognition: (1) breach of social norms; (2) not come to grief without reason; (3) feeling of body being invaded.

Conclusion: To women, there exist many cultural and value conflicts in cervical cancer prevention. With the changing of times and the conversion of values, healthcare personnel should give more consideration to the needs of women, positive cognition should be strengthened, and timely assistance should be provided in order to prevent physical and psychological discomfort for women of the next generation, thereby reducing the threat of cervical cancer.