Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to learn the relationship between personality trait, depression, self efficacy and glycemic control among type 2 diabetes people.
Learning Objective 2: The outcomes provided the better understand glycemic control and prescribed appropriate nursing care to improve diabetes self care behavior.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted from June 25th to September 9th, 2010 on a convenience sample of type 2 diabetes. Structured questionnaires were designed to collect data on participant demographics, personality traits, depression, self efficacy, stage of change and glycemic control which was assessed by measures of HbA1c.
Results: A total of 285 valid responses were received with a response rate of 96.3%. Major findings included: participants who had lower internal control personality, higher external control personality, and higher depression level presented worse control on HbA1c. Glycemic control was negative correlated with education (p<0.05), years of incomes (p<0.05), stage of change (p<0.001). Four factors predicted HbA1c levels that include internal personality, stage of change, disease knowledge, self efficacy. These factors accounted for 25.7% of variance in HbA1c levels.
Conclusion: Optimal glycemic control had higher internal personality and lower depression. These outcomes provided the better understand glycemic control and prescribed appropriate nursing care to improve diabetes self care behavior.
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