Cultural Pain Relief Measures During Labour and Childbirth and Prophylactic Taboos During the Childbearing Process: A Case for Mozambican Women Living in Swaziland

Tuesday, 31 July 2012: 3:30 PM

Cynthia Zodwa Vilakati, MSN
Faculty of HEALTH Sciences, University of Swaziland, Mbabane, Swaziland

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to describe the preferred pain relief measuresures by which Mozambican women during the experience of labour.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to describe the prophylactic tabbos to minize labour pain during the chidlbearing process.

Purpose: The study sought to describe the cultural-pain relief measures  during labour and childbirth and prophylactic taboo practices for pain relief by Mozambican women living in Swaziland.

Methods: An exploratory, descriptive and contextual phenomenology design was utilized for the purpose of this study. Purposive conveninence sampling was done. Data saturation was achieved with a sample size of five (5).

Results: . The study presents the themes and categories that emerged from the data. Data are presented from the most general (themes) to the most specific (data units/chunks). All data units relate to the cultural pain relief measures during labour and delivery and prophylactic taboo practices for the childbearing process by Mozambican women residing in Swaziland.

Conclusion: In conclusion, it was found that Mozambican women practice cultural remedies as an attempt to relief labou pain.  However, orientation and differences significantly affect both the assessment and management of women in labour in pain control. Cultural bias or orientation might also lead to ethnocentrism, placing the midwife in a judgmental position, as was the case with the Swazi midwives. It was recommended that the midwifery curriculum should have aspects of transcultural nursing concepts to enable the midwives to understand cultural differences in rendering maternity care.