Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to distinguish peer review as separate from annual performance review.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to identify barriers to peer review and potential methods towards improving communication among staff nurses.
Methods: We used a survey design with cluster sampling of 28 hospital and ambulatory care units (n = 541 respondents). We modified Hughes’s Peer Group Caring Interaction Scale and collected qualitative data through open-ended questions and comment boxes. A chi-squared test was used to compare responses against nurse characteristics.
Results: Results were compared with existing patient safety and satisfaction data. There were no correlation with patient safety or patient satisfaction. Misunderstandings about the meaning of peer review were evident. Open-ended comments revealed barriers to peer review: fear of retribution, language barriers and lack of professionalism.
Conclusion: Nurses need clarification of peer review. Issues with common language in a professional environment need to be addressed. Nurses can learn collaboration from each other's cultures.
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