Panorama: Looking through the Holistic Coping of Filipino Primary Caregiver

Wednesday, 1 August 2012

Renante Dante G. Tan, RN, MAN
Mark Anthony D. Cudal, BSN
Amanda A. Buenavista, BSN
Jon Titus S. Barcenas, BSN
Maria Geriza P. Clemente, BSN
Sheila Marie P. De Gula, BSN
Vincent Matthew A. Completo, BSN
Kelvin Gerald L. De Guzman, BSN
Sophia Catherine M. Dayao, BSN
Clarifel C. Aragon, BSN
Nicole Ann T. Baluyot, BSN
Marlon Aldeza, BSN
Alli Abraham Arceo, BSN
Institute of Nursing, Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to have a better understanding of coping mechanisms of a Filipino primary caregiver of stage 4 Cancer.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to know that Filipino primary caregivers undergo a mechanism that encompasses five dimensions of holistic coping.


This study aims to explore how primary caregiver holistically encompass the five dimensions of coping specifically in terms of physical, intellectual, social, emotional as well as spiritual.


A descriptive phenomenological approached was utilized with purposive criterion as its sampling method.Open-ended unstructured individual interviews were audiotape-recorded, then labeled for subsequent verbatim transcription. Data were collected until point of saturation was observed by the 5th interview.Transcripts were analyzed using Giorgi’s method, clustered into codes until categories of themes emerged.


Under these five dimensions the following themes occurred: (a) social dimension includes a bond that binds and role transition, (b) physical dimension includes self sacrifice and pliable adaptation, (c) spiritual dimension includes empowered spirituality and inner faith, (d) intellectual dimension includes distancing and buoyancy, and lastly, (e) emotional dimension includes a hurdle in life, masking and holding on.


This study shows that holistic coping is seen as a valuable phenomenon in the area of nursing profession.  Holistic coping in this study has a structure in which at least five dimensions can be recognized. Most of the time, nurses are often patient-driven that we often set aside family members coping capability.  These results suggest that Filipino primary caregiver of clients with Stage 4 Cancer cultivates a mechanism that encompasses five dimensions of holistic coping.