The Effect of CD-ROM Education Intervention on Enhancing Preterm Infant Breastfeeding and Reducing Mothers' Anxiety

Wednesday, 1 August 2012

Yong-Chuan Chen, RN1
Chao-Huei Chen, BS2
Hui-Mi Liu, BS1
Juei-Chao Chen, PhD3
(1)Department of nursing, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
(2)Department of pediatric, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
(3)Institute of statistics, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan, Taichung, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the effect of a breastfeeding education CD-ROM about mothers' knowledge and skill on breastfeeding.

Learning Objective 2: To understand mothers' anxiety level before and after seeing the education CD-ROM .


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a breastfeeding education CD-ROM on breastfeeding of preterm infants who are regularly separated from their mothers. 


Researchers adopted a quasi-experimental research design and recruited a total of 160 qualified subjects using purposive sampling. Half (80) of the subjects were assigned to the experimental group (EG) and half (80) to the control group (CG). Mothers in the control group received normal postpartum education. Those in the experimental group were educated using a CD-ROM in addition to normal education. Research tools included a baseline data sheet, knowledge scale, skill table and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Data were analyzed using SPSS 13.0 for Windows.


Results demonstrated that the breastfeeding knowledge (EG: 67.26/pre-test, 89.47/post-test; CG: 66.31/pre-test, 71.58/post-test) and skill (EG: 57.33/pre-test, 87.28/post-test; CG: 58.43/pre-test, 70.16/post-test) of experimental group subjects were better than their control group peers (p < .05). Post-test level of anxiety was also significantly lower (p < .05) in the experimental group than control group (EG: 70.03/pre-test, 42.18/post-test; CG: 69.75/pre-test, 58.74 post-test).


The use of the CD-ROM in health education can increase mothers’ breastfeeding knowledge and skill and decrease mothers’ anxiety.