Efficacy of Lavender Aromatherapy to Level of Pain and Blood Pressure Among Post-Partum Women: A Pilot Study

Monday, 30 July 2012: 2:40 PM

Renante Dante G. Tan, RN, MAN
Emily R. Marco, BSN
Hazelyne A. Marquez, BSN
Arvie Desiree I. Miranda, BSN
Ariane Lei D. Morales, BSN
Precious Anne N. Natata, BSN
Pamela Mae K. Ortiz, BSN
Erika Gabrielle A. Quero, BSN
Abigail R. Remo, BSN
Kevin John V. Reyes, BSN
Jomar M. Rodriguez, BSN
Jenneiah D. Royo, BSN
Arianne C. Rufino, BSN
Institute of Nursing, Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to learn about how lavender aromatherapy affects pain and blood pressure of post-partum women.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand how lavender aromatherapy can be used as complementary intervention and how it can improve providing nursing care.

Purpose:  This study aims to determine the effectiveness of lavender aromatherapy on (a) level of pain (b) blood pressure and (c) relationship between pain and blood pressure among post-partum women.

Methods:  The study utilized a longitudinal quasi-experimental non-equivalent pretest-posttest design. Subjects were chosen through purposive sampling (n=20) that passed the inclusion criteria (a) 18-35 years old, (b) first 24-hour postpartum, (c) experiencing post-partum pain, (d)  have not yet taken pain medication, and (e) willing to participate.  Researchers used numeric pain scale to assess pain level with blood pressure assessment as an adjunct to measure pain objectively. Lavender aromatherapy was administered by putting 2 drops of pure (100%) lavender oil to handkerchief (2x2 inches) and was placed on the clothes of the subject above left collarbone.

Results:  Data revealed that pain decreases however, difference in the p-value (0.16) was greater than 0.05 (significant level) thus shows no significance. Systolic blood pressure yielded a decrease of 70mmHg showing significant difference since the p-value (0.0095) was lower than 0.05. However, no difference was noted in the diastolic blood pressure (p-value of 1.0> 0.05). Results also shows a high correlation of pain and systolic blood pressure since the computed t value (3.771) was greater than the tabular value of 2.31 at 0.05 significant level.

Conclusion:  Lavender aromatherapy appears to be effective in decreasing level of pain among postpartum women. However larger sample is highly recommended and numeric pain assessment scale must be enhanced to accurately measure subjective pain to confirm its efficacy.