Learning Objective 1: Share their perception and experiences in pressure ulcer prevention and risk assessment.
Learning Objective 2: Discuss their view on the need of continuous education about pressure ulcer prevention and the use of pressure ulcer risk assessment scales like Braden scale.
This descriptive correlational study aimed to investigate the relationship between the knowledge of nurses in pressure ulcer prevention and their attitude towards the use of Braden scale.
Seventy seven full time staff nurses who has experienced using the Braden scale and who are working in intensive care units, medical, surgical, or orthopedic wards were chosen through purposive sampling. Two pilot tested questionnaires were circulated into two private hospitals in Metro Manila to determine the knowledge of nurses in pressure ulcer prevention and their attitude towards the use of Braden scale.
Results showed that the respondents have a positive attitude (mean score = 3.97) in using the Braden scale. However, their knowledge regarding pressure ulcer prevention was found to be inadequate (mean score = 76.94%). Moreover, results showed a weak positive relationship between the knowledge of nurses in pressure ulcer prevention and their attitude towards the use of Braden scale, however, this relationship was found to be not significant (r=0.1141, t=0.995).
Nurses play a pivotal role in pressure ulcer prevention. However, nurses’ knowledge in pressure ulcer prevention and their attitude towards screening for pressure ulcer risk are at a divide. While nurses believe that using pressure ulcer risk assessment scales like the Braden scale is important; their knowledge of pressure ulcer prevention is still relatively low. Despite of the increase in the attitude of nurses, a more aggressive approach to pressure ulcer prevention is necessary, starting with boosting nurses’ knowledge through continuous training and education.
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