Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand which types of acitivies that contribute residents' life satisfaction and depression.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to design constructive activities for residents living in facitities.
Methods: A total of 80 participants r were recruited from two long-term care facilities in Southern Taiwan within the month of October to December, 2011. They completed a package of questionnaires including the activity participation questionnaire, life satisfaction survey, the Taiwanese depression questionnaire, and a personal profile. Descriptive, correlations, and linear regress models were used to analyze the data.
Results: Most participants were males (n=45), age from 50-90 years old with an average 72.14(SD =12.13). More rehabilitation ( r = .40, p < .001) and outdoor activities (r = .29, p < .005) were related to a higher level of life satisfaction and more inactive activity (r = - .25, p < .005) was related to a lower level of life satisfaction. More leisure activity was related to a low level of depression (r = -. 27, p < .005) and more religious activity (r = .23, p < .005) was related to a high level of depression. All the activities explained 16.9% of variance on the life satisfaction (adjust R square = 16.9% p = .003), and 13.2% on the depression, (adjust R square = 13.2% p = .011) separately.
Conclusion: To encourage residents living in a long-term care facility should be engage in any form of leisure, outdoor, and rehabilitation activities that can enhance their quality of life.