Relationships Between Activity Participation and Depression and Life Satisfaction in Residents Living in Long-Term Care Facilities

Wednesday, 1 August 2012

Li Hsing Liu, RN
Management Department, Shine Gain Nursing Home, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan
Chia-Chan Kao, RN, PhD
Department of Healthcare Administration, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Ruey-Hsia Wang, PhD, RN
College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand which types of acitivies that contribute residents' life satisfaction and depression.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to design constructive activities for residents living in facitities.

Purpose: Activity participation contributes a low level of depression and high level of life satisfaction in residents living in long-term care facilities. The objectives of this study were to examine the relationships among types of activity participation and depression and life Satisfaction in residents living in long-term care faculties, separately.

 Methods: A total of 80 participants r were recruited from two long-term care facilities in Southern Taiwan within the month of October to December, 2011. They completed a package of questionnaires including the activity participation questionnaire, life satisfaction survey, the Taiwanese depression questionnaire, and a personal profile. Descriptive, correlations, and linear regress models were used to analyze the data.

 Results: Most participants were males (n=45), age from 50-90 years old with an average 72.14(SD =12.13). More rehabilitation ( r = .40, p < .001) and outdoor activities (r = .29, p < .005) were related to a higher level of life satisfaction and more inactive activity (r = - .25, p < .005) was related to a lower level of life satisfaction. More leisure activity was related to a low level of depression      (r = -. 27, p < .005) and more religious activity (r = .23, p < .005) was related to a high level of depression. All the activities explained 16.9% of variance on the life satisfaction (adjust R square = 16.9% p = .003), and 13.2% on the depression, (adjust R square = 13.2% p = .011) separately.

Conclusion:  To encourage residents living in a long-term care facility should be engage in any form of leisure, outdoor, and rehabilitation activities that can enhance their quality of life.