Learning Objective 1: To evaluate the studentsí learning outcomes after using computer-based self-directed simulation program and high fidelity human patient simulation
Learning Objective 2: To discuss the effectiveness of computer-based self-directed simulation program and high fidelity human patient simulation as teaching and learning activities
Aims: To compare the learning outcomes, in terms of students’ approaches to learning (SAL) and academic results, after use of CBSDS and HFHPS
Design: Two groups pre- post quasi-experimental design
Method: Ninety-eight second year higher-diploma nursing students in Hong Kong were randomly assigned to use either CBSDS or HFHPS for learning nursing managements on cardiovascular and respiratory emergency. Revised Two-factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) was administered before and after the simulation to determine any change of SAL. A written test was also adopted for assessment of students’ knowledge and difference on their academic performance on the subject.
Results: HFHPS students obtained better test results, with significant difference, than those using CBSDS according to the result of one-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) (F (1, 95)=7.41, p=.008). The cumulative GPA from previous academic year is the covariate. For the SAL, the post-test mean scores for deep approach to learning among HFHPS students was higher than the pre-test scores with significant difference also (t=4.674, p<.001). Otherwise, no significant finding was noted within or between groups.
Significance & conclusion: The study suggests the use of HFHPS being a more effective teaching and learning activity in use of technology for nursing education, as compared against CBSDS, in view of better academic performance and enhancement in deep approach of learning among participating nursing students. CBSDS, however, may serve as complementary teaching and learning activity in consideration of shortage of faculty to support HFHPS training.