Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the Health-related quality of life and its associated factors in Chinese patients with myocardial infarction.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to learn how health professionals in the design and delivery of tailored and culturally-relevant interventions to Chinese MI patients.
The purpose of this study is to assess HRQL and identify associated factors in hospitalised Chinese MI patients.
A single group, cross-sectional design was adopted with a sample of 192 hospitalised MI patients at two teaching hospitals in Xi’an, People’s Republic of China. HRQL was assessed using the Chinese Mandarin versions of the Short Form- 36 health survey (SF-36), the Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale (MIDAS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
Chinese MI patients reported poor HRQL as measured by both the generic (SF-36) and disease-specific (MIDAS) instruments. Advancing age and the presence of heart failure, anxiety and depression were significant predictors of overall HRQL. Smoking and hypertension were significant predictors of the physical aspects of HRQL.
Assessing HRQL of hospitalised Chinese MI patients and identifying associated factors may help health professionals in the design and delivery of appropriately tailored and culturally-relevant interventions to this group of patients.