Learning Objective 1: Understanding the progressive muscle relaxation for the caregiver in hospital, caregiversí stress response, anxiety and depression among caregivers of patients with cancer.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will know how to use progressive muscle relaxation for family caregivers with cancer in oncology ward.
Methods: Thirty-eight family caregivers were recruited from a medical center in Taiwan. They were cluster randomly assigned into experimental group (receive ML and MR for 45 minutes for four times) and comparison group (receive ML 15 minutes for four times). Data on psycho-emotional responses, including perceived stress, state anxiety, and depression levels were measured by the self-report questionnaire at the baseline and 8 and 12 days follow-up. The physiological response of stress was measured by the autonomous nervous (Heart Rate Variability, HRV) which were collected at baseline and at the end of the 4, 8, and 12 days follow-up.
Results: The effectiveness of the psycho-emotional responses (state anxiety and depression) were significantly reduced in both groups after 8 and 12 days follow-up. The family caregivers in ML group have significantly reduced their state anxiety than that in the comparison group at 8 days follow-up (p < .05), but not at the 12 days follow-up. The perceived stress and physiological response of stress (HRV) was not significantly differences within pre-and post-intervention and between two groups.
Conclusion: Based on this study, clinical nursing staff could provide ML or ML combing MR to reduce anxiety and depression of family caregivers.