The Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Improving Physiological Index Responses of ICU Patients

Wednesday, 1 August 2012

Yu-Chi Li, MS1
Shin-Ju Tang, RN1
Yu-Chun Chen, RN1
Szu-Hui Su, RN1
Shih-Wei Hsieh, RN1
Huan-Fang Lee, RN2
(1)Nursing, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan
(2)Institute of Allied Health Sciences/ Department of Nursing, National Cheng Kung University/Chi Mei Medical Center, Yung Kung, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to know the effects of music therapy decrease physical index through literature research and appraisal.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand the process of evidence-base operation.


Music therapy is non-invasive measures that can easily be accepted by the patient. Abroad has been widely used in hospitalized patients of reduced pain, relieve anxiety, the effect is certainly popular. The purpose of this systemic review was to answer the question: Can using music therapy improve physiological index responses of ICU patients? In this systemic review, assessment of music therapy for improving physiological index responses of ICU patient was made through the process of complete literature search, critical appraisal, and evaluation.


This study use five levels of evidence-based nursing procedures, application of systematic literature search for music therapy on physiological index response of ICU patients to improve the effectiveness of analysis. The inclusion criterion was controlled clinical trials among papers. Some keywords such as music, physiological index, and blood pressure were used for searching in database. We searched the Central on Cochrane Library, JBI, MEDLINE, UpToDate, CINAHL, and no language restrictions.


Seven trials met the inclusion criteria. Music therapy for patients with subjective feelings of anxiety can be up to relieve the positive results. For physiological indicators: music therapy on patients with breathing, heart rate, mean arterial pressure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure also reached significant difference.


Music therapy can improve physiological index responses in ICU patients through literature evidence. In the future, the evidence-base practice will be applied to demonstrate the effects of the music therapy on improving physiological index responses.