Factors Associated with Life Quality in Persons with Suicide Attempts: A Cross-Sectional Study

Wednesday, 1 August 2012: 9:10 AM

Wen-Chii Tzeng, PhD
Department of Nursing, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Shu-May Wang, MS
Department of Nursing, Taoyuan Mental Hospital, Department of Health, Taoyuan County, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to recognize factors interfere with quality of life in individuals after their suicide attempts in Chinese societies.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand how to assess risk factors for further suicide attempts in Chinese population.

Purpose: Most studies focus on what life might have been like before a completed suicide, however, do not describe quality of life in individuals after their suicide attempts. Yet, life dissatisfaction results in the risk of suicide in the long term. This paper is a report of a study of the factors that associated with quality of life among suicidal individuals in Taiwan.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to recruit suicidal individuals receiving care from one suicide prevention centre in northern Taiwan between April 2008 and March 2009. Data were collected on depression and quality of life using the Beck Depression Inventory Taiwan version and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-BREF Taiwan version. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlations, and Generalized Linear Models.

Results: One hundred and three suicidal individuals completed the study. The majority of them (47%) had severe depression, and all mean scores in four domains of the quality-of-life measure were significantly lower than those of general population in Taiwan. The associations between scores on the depression and life quality scales were statistically significantly inversely correlated. In addition, severity of depression, reattempting suicide during follow-up care, educational level and age were four most influencing variables to the quality of life.

Conclusion: Suicidal individuals experienced a worse QOL than patients with major depression. Both the severity of depression and poor life quality are more likely to make further attempts. Therefore, mental health professionals have to integrate these findings in follow-up suicidal care.